Projects moving ahead to prevent Lake Erie algae
The Thames River Phosphorus Reduction Collaborative (PRC) is moving into summer by installing and testing technologies that intercept and remove phosphorus from agricultural runoff. Phosphorus entering the system contributes to the growth of harmful algal blooms in the Thames River and Lake Erie.
The Thames River PRC is led by the Ontario Federation of Agriculture and the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative. Its purpose is to reduce the amount of phosphorus entering our lakes and rivers and ultimately Lake Erie.
This project is funded through Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Great Lakes Protection Initiative and through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership, a federal-provincial-territorial initiative. The Agricultural Adaptation Council assists in the delivery of the Partnership in Ontario.
The following are demonstration projects that are, or will soon be under way.
Oxford Farm 1
The Upper Thames Conservation Authorityin collaboration with Bluewater Pipe Inc.and McCutcheon Farm Drainage is testing the feasibility and efficiency of using slag (leftover material from metal refining) to reduce phosphorus loadings from agricultural field tiles to open watercourses.
Oxford Farm 2
This farm produces strawberries, asparagus and field crops like corn, soybeans and hay. The land receives one application of liquid dairy cow manure annually on a hay field. Approximately 70 acres of land are drained into the farm drainage system that has two Hickenbottom drain structures and one municipal surface inlet.
Silt Sock Environmental will assess the feasibility of treating surface water as it enters either of the two kinds of drains. The Hickenbottoms have been fitted with two filter tubes – an outer tube filled with wood chips and an inner tube filled with sponge materials that can absorb phosphorus.
Middlesex Farm 1
This is a small beef farm on which solid manure is spread on fields for cropping. The study is the same as site 1 – testing the difference in phosphorus runoff between solid and liquid manure applications, as well as the different topography of the land.
Edge of Medway, London, ON
Muddy Rivers Technologies is a Delta, British Columbia based firm that develops water and wastewater treatment systems. The company will use its patent-pending Amprey technology to remove dissolved phosphorus from a stream that flows primarily through agricultural lands. The process involves using electricity to slowly dissolve lava rock with the resulting iron, magnesium, aluminum and calcium ions binding to phosphate ions in the water to form a solid material that can be removed. The system is housed in a 20-foot container and will be situated on a City of London site with access to Medway Creek.
Chippewa First Nation Lands
The site is situated on a grain farm operated by a local farmer. A municipal drain outlet that services about 70 acres on several farms provides a flow of tile water to be filtered for phosphorus removal. The fields receive commercial fertilizers, and the testing will be on phosphorus that runs into the system.
Chatham-Kent Boudreau Pump Station
Waterloo Biofilter is conducting this study. A shipping container is being installed at the station under the supervision of a Chatham-Kent Drainage Supervisor. Inside are two tanks for settling out the solids and silt from the water and a third that contains electrodes made from steel between which a low voltage electrical current is passed.
The electricity will dissolve the electrode, releasing iron ions which bind with phosphorus that is dissolved in the water. In a fourth tank, a foam filter will cause the iron phosphate to crystallize as insoluble minerals. In fifth container, the water will be put through a silicate material that captures the removed phosphorus to be re-used as a fertilizer on agricultural crops. Finally, the treated water will be pumped back into the river.
This site includes a 25-acre grain field that receives pig manure and commercial fertilizers annually. The field is tiled.
The Lower Thames Valley Conservation Authority is conducting the testing. The authority worked with staff of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs to install a tank that captures water from a tile main which then flows through the Filtrexx Nutriloxx® material that absorbs phosphorus.
Water is then discharged into an adjacent municipal drain which flows into the Thames River. Auto samplers have been installed to assess nutrients at both the intake and outlet of the tank.
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