Contractor at Work
It was a few short years after the Second World War came to an end – 65 years ago to be exact – that Ben Kafer started his family on its journey in the tile drainage business.
Water, we’re told, is one of the few things we cannot live without. But apart from the human body’s constitution and water’s importance to sustaining life, to most people, that’s the end of the discussion.
June 13, 2013 – Drainage Contractor magazine is celebrating its 40th anniversary in 2013, and to celebrate, we're taking a look back at what made the headlines 40 years ago with Forty-year flashback, a series of articles from the magazine's first few editions.
For many farmers, there’s no question what lowering the water table on land with drainage issues can do to improve crop yield. The challenge is finding a contractor with the experience and access to specialized tools to implement a successful subsurface drainage project to help improve the land’s productivity. For Frank Slemmons, this meant purchasing his own equipment to do it himself.
Rob Burtonshaw, a third-generation drainage contractor, has dedicated the past year to the study of land drainage. His passion for the business came naturally, but his pursuit to learn new techniques, find innovative technologies and talk to industry professionals is what makes him stand apart.
There are few business stories out there where the importance of solid planning is as evident as it is in the story of Hodgman Drainage of Claremont, Minn. Wise plans and careful management by members of this family-owned business have allowed the company – even during very difficult times – to maintain its position and prosper.
As a drainage or land improvement contractor, you know the general ins and outs of installing pipe. But did you ever wonder what it takes to make the giant coils of tile you receive? It’s not often you get a behind-the-scenes look at how pipe is made, from start to finish. Drainage Contractor took a tour of ADS Pipe’s Heidelberg, Ont., plant, to get a hands-on look at what it takes to turn raw materials into coils of drainage pipe.
In a first for the industry, Nuffield scholar and British drainage contractor Rob Burtonshaw is traveling the world to learn about and promote land drainage. Through his travels, he plans to meet with like-minded people to share ideas and learn about new technology, innovations and practices from drainage representatives and some of the industry’s top performers.
Just when you think you’ve seen most things unusual in drainage, you end up being surprised. Such was the case when we encountered Neil Carter, who operates his business in the northwest province in the north island of New Zealand. He operates Ditch Witch chain trenchers to install drainage systems for dairy farmers, sometimes on very dramatic terrain.
When your company’s been in business for over 50 years there are a lot of stories to tell. Day Drainage owners Dan and Scott Day spoke about their company, how it began, where it is now, and why it will continue to march forward.
On the day Drainage Contractor went into the field with John Martin of Martin Drainage, the contractor was tiling approximately 60 acres just northwest of Arthur, Ont., on Indian Maiden Farm. Martin and his team had started at this site the day before and expected to be finished that day.
As much as the flatlands and rolling hills of Ohio are fixtures of the landscape near Fremont, so is Bower Tiling Service. For over 110 years and five generations, the company has specialized in farm drainage – and business has never been so busy. “We’re still doing last summer’s work,” says company president Jack Bower. “We’re working through a big backlog, and some people are getting a bit impatient, but they know we’re doing our best.” Last year’s rainfall in Ohio set an all-time record, with about 20 inches more than normal, and farmers there are keen to prepare now for further wet seasons. Also, during the last few years farmers have done really well; most want to expand their acreage and they know drainage is a very important part, Bower adds. A pride in the quality of their products and services, as well as a dedication to maintaining Bower Tiling Service’s great reputation, is shared by all family members and employees. Alongside Jack, his wife of 45 years, Sue, helps in the office when needed, his daughter, Wendy Jett, manages the office, and Wendy’s husband Jim Jett, is the crew foreman. Also working in the office is Jack’s sister-in-law, Michelle Picciuto; her husband Joe Picciuto is the company surveyor and estimator. Experienced equipment operators and crew include Tim Kreilick, Kipp Snyder, Marc Strausser, Nick Bower (Jack’s grandson) and Dustin Hetrick. Jack’s two other grandsons (13-year-olds Jack and Seth Jett) are learning farm drainage early and help out when not in school.Bower Tiling Service started in 1900 with Jack’s grandfather George W. Bower, who used a steam-powered Buckeye Trencher at the time. Later, his sons Richard and William formed a partnership with their father, and in 1955, Richard bought William’s share of the business. Around 1958, George retired and left Richard to run the company, who later formed a partnership with his sons Jack and Tom in 1964. Richard retired in 1976 and the business went on to be incorporated in 1981. By that point, the Bower family owned one of the largest agricultural drainage contracting companies in the country, installing more than four million feet of tile annually – all within a radius of about 50 miles, an area that they still mostly work within today. In 1985, the Bowers created a second company, Great Lakes Inter-Drain Inc., which Tom owns and runs today. Great Lakes Inter-Drain continues to be successful in sales and service of drainage tools and providing consultation to contractors. The farms in the Fremont area used to have more sugar beets in the past, notes Jack, and farmers mostly now grow the standard corn, soybean and wheat rotation, with some producing tomatoes as well. “Back in the 1960s and 1970s, our jobs involved 30 or 40 acres, but now when a grower buys a farm, the first thing he does is call us in to tile the whole farm of 80 to 100 acres,” says Jack. “It takes us about four or five days.” The Interdrain machines along with the addition of GPS systems have been the biggest changes in operations over the years, he notes, making jobs ten times faster. The larger equipment used these days means that soil compaction is a concern, but other factors can take precedence. “How much compaction occurs with any equipment obviously depends on soil types, but it rained so much last year that farmers said just go do it,” Jack notes. “But we try to do jobs when the land has dried off.” Family valuesJack’s grandfather George instilled values that are still strongly held by family members today. “My grandfather was one of our favorite people,” Jack says. “He was a very hard worker, what you’d call a pusher. You either hate this work or you love it, and he loved it.” Jack remembers starting in the business early. “As soon as my brother and I could pretty much hold a shovel, we took part,” he says. “When it was just my Dad and Grandpa, getting close to the time that Grandpa retired, Dad would pull us out of high school if they needed us. What I picked up most from him is that if you do a good job for a man, he’ll always have your back.” The family still has Grandpa George’s first surveying instrument. “It’s in a box that he made himself and it’s important to us,” Jack notes.Bower family members have been involved with the Land Improvement Contractors Association of America (LICA) since the 1950s. “I’ve served many years on the state board myself and Jim Jett has as well,” says Jack. Bower Tiling Service is also a proud member of the Better Business Bureau and The National Federation of Independent Businesses.One of the biggest issues they faced over the years was a sales tax wrangle in the 1980s. “Farmers have always been exempt from paying tax for our services, but these tax agents didn’t see it that way and wanted tax money that went back about nine years,” says Jack. “They got the money from us – and it was a very large amount of money – but it was later proved that they were in the wrong. Today, all pipe is tax exempt for farm drainage.”Jack points to fuel costs as a current challenge. “Fuel prices are hurting everyone,” he says. “A lot of companies put on a fuel surcharge, but we’ve never bothered with that. The price is the price.” All of the drainage outlets that Bower Tiling Service installs feed into watersheds that feed into Lake Erie. “The biggest issue environmentally [with this business] is that they blame a lot of pollution of the Great Lakes on farmers,” Jack notes. “Farmers take a lot more action to prevent runoff than others do, but farmers are easy to blame.”While the next generation is taking on more responsibility, Jack says his attraction to the work will never lessen. “I don’t really know that I’ll ever retire, but I may goof off a little more,” he laughs. “We’re working things out within the business so that everybody’s happy in terms of the work they’re doing and making a living at it. So far, it’s going well.” He adds, “Everybody gives their input and that’s very important, but at the same time, we’re all aware that there has to be one person running things, who knows what’s going on with everything.”What has always attracted Jack to the drainage tiling business is the variety of situations and constant learning. “You’re meeting a lot of different people, changing location and customer every week, and you always get a new challenge you have never seen before,” he says. It’s always a different scenario with different factors affecting each job, including city limits, park limits, property lines and roadways.” You have to make everyone happy, Jack explains. “The drainage outlet may be near a highway or through a neighbour’s land,” he says. “We figure out how it has to go, the most economic way for it to go, then we set up a meeting to go over it with everyone involved.”He adds, “You think you’ve seen it all, but you haven’t. All the time, we see different old sets of systems from 100 to 150 years ago. A few weeks ago, we unearthed some 10-sided clay tile. I’ve seen hexagon and octagon shapes before, but never 10-sided. The farmer never knew it was there.” They keep a bit of the unusual historic pipe in a company collection. “These old lines are generally not a problem with our machinery, as we’re usually just crossing them,” Jack notes. To deal with the backlog of work and with farmers expanding their acreage, Bower Tiling is going to be doing some equipment upgrades. “These are exciting times for this family business,” Jack says.
It was in a time when General Motors was about to fall over, banks needed taxpayer money to keep them afloat, and my dairy farmer customers had taken a hit, as their income had dropped from $7.10 to $4.20 per kilogram of fat.Three years of drought made it hard to sell drainage and a low New Zealand dollar made the opportunity of importing a new trencher from overseas out of the question.So I set about using my down time and making a new machine to fit my needs.About 50 percent of my work sees me back-filling the trench with pumice or metal, so cutting a 150-millimeter- (six inch) wide trench keeps costs a lot lower (five cubic meters per 100 meter of trench).Getting older myself, the machine needed to be easy to get on and off, and to walk around. We also need to comply with high safety standards these days.By unrolling the pipe up off the ground on a hydraulic-operated pipe reel, it stops the pipe getting caught on stubble.When making the trencher I needed, I made it with parts designed by firms that will be around in the future, with the likes of a 180-horsepower Cummins engine, Komatsu tracks and Sunstand pumps and gearbox. There were also 63-cubic-centimeter tandem pumps for the track drive, a 120-cubic-centimeter pump on the chain drive and a 1200 cubic centimeter SAI hydraulic motor. A 100-millimeter pinch digging chain purchased through Mastenbroek in England, keeps things standard and works out well. The engine, pumps, gearbox, bonnet – in fact, the whole power pack – is made on its own sub-frame and sits inside the main chassis rails; just undo four bolts and some hoses, and anyone can lift the lot out. One thing I have noticed when cutting a narrow trench: there is a big increase in digging chain life over a wider cut.I am a great believer that the best way to make trenchers grade naturally is to use a lift mast, mounted a third of the way down and inside the track frames, with the top rams in float.Having the main frame with auto level keeps the lift mast straight up and down on the cross axis, and is assenting, plus the use of the pivot inside the mast takes the stress off of the digger main frame. When digging around bends, the design makes it easy to keep the trench straight.Refuelling the 400-liter tank and checking engine fluids are made a lot easier by being in one location, and having an easy-lift bonnet and footsteps make life simpler still. Doing maintenance on the digging chain is also made easier by having an access door that opens up to the top drive sprocket, with an added advantage of having a walkway to stand on. A grease-gun-operated digging chain tension makes maintenance quicker and also helps the chain life. The ladder makes getting on and off the machine easy, and tips up and over centre to keep safely out of the way. By having a hydraulically operated walk ramp, it is both easy and safe to walk out from the operator’s seating area to feed the pipe into the chute when making starts, and adjusting the height of the Australian-made laser control system that I have used for around 15 years on my other machines. Keeping the weight down to around seven tons, the width to 2.2-meters and overall length to nine meters – not to mention making it well balanced, makes the machine easy – to use in confined areas, such as a Kiwi fruit orchard.The trencher has a maximum working depth of 1.9 meters.The only thing that has not lived up to my expectations is the sunroof, I am not sure how to improve it and keep the machine easy to handle. To date I have trenched around 190 kilometers using this machine and all is well; the balance of horsepower to speed and weight is right. In the last 10 months, we have had around 2.5 meters of rain, being a farm drainage contractor, I only get wet farms to drain, and too wet to work does slow down the cash flow. The dairy farmers are now getting around $7.80 per kilogram of butter fat, but the Kiwi fruit orchards have been hit by the PSA (pseudomonas syringae pv actinidae) disease, and we’re not sure what that means yet.After building this machine, I can say I have learned a lot, and if doing it again I would do a few things differently. If I put my businessman’s hat on, I think I would have bought a drainage plow machine off the shelf, just not sure how I would pay for it. This being my 31st year in business in Whakatane as a farm drainage tiling contractor, it is hoped this trencher should see me out. *Jim Cody is a drainage contractor from Whakatane, New Zealand.
These words keep rolling through my mind: The level of science literacy and awareness of modern-day agricultural practices is very low in the general population.
Several new features helped Kuepfer Drainage decide on its BRON self-propelled plow, which was delivered in July. More power, better visibility, operator comfort and being fitted with GPS control systems were among them.
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